2 ; 1 ; in Month : January (2021) Article No : semrj-v2-1007
Rafik R1*, Andrew RR1, Mark RR1 and Alaa I2

Insulin Resistance is the leading cause of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). It occurs as a result of lipid disorders and increased levels of circulating free fatty acids (FFAs). FFAs accumulate within the insulin sensitive tissues such as muscle, liver and adipose tissues exacerbating different molecular mechanisms. Increased levels fatty acid has been documented to be strongly associated with insulin resistant states and obesity causing inflammation that eventually causes type 2-diabetes. Among the biomarkers that are accompanying low grade inflammation include IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α. The current review point out the importance of measuring the inflammatory biomarkers especially focusing on the conductance and measurement for IL-6 as a screening laboratory test and its diagnostic value in clinical practice.

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